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Academic resources

  • Canadian resources

    Ameli, S., & Merali, A. (2014). Only Canadian: The Experience of Hate Moderated Differential Citizenship for Muslims. Wembley, UK: Islamic Human Rights Commission.

    Barrett, S. R. (1987). Is God a Racist? The Right Wing in Canada. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

    Clement, D., & Vaugeois, R. (2013). The Search for Justice and Equality: Alberta's Human Rights History. Edmonton, AB: John Humphrey Centre for Peace and Human Rights.

    Fleras, A., & Elliott, J. (2002). Engaging Diversity: Multiculturalism in Canada. Toronto, ON: Nelson Thomson Learning.

    Kinsella, W. (2001). Web of Hate: Inside Canada’s Far Right Network. Toronto, ON: HarperCollins.

    Lauder, M. A. (2002). The Far Rightwing Movement in Southwest Ontario: An Exploration of Issues, Themes, and Variations. The Guelph and District Multicultural Centre.

    Parent, R., & Ellis, J. (2014). Right Wing Extremism in Canada. Vancouver, BC: Canadian Network for Research on Terrorism, Security and Society. No. 14-03.

    Perry, B. (2011). Diversity, Crime and Justice. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

    Ross, J. I. (1992). Contemporary Radical Right-Wing Violence in Canada: A Quantitative Analysis. Terrorism and Political Violence, 4(3), 72-101.

    Tanner, S., & Campana, A. (2014). The Process of Radicalization: Right-Wing Skinheads in Quebec. Vancouver, BC: Canadian Network for Research on Terrorism, Security and Society. No. 14-07.

    Young, K., & Craig, L. (1997). Beyond White Pride: Identity, Meaning and Contradiction in the Canadian Skinhead Subculture. The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, 34(2), 175-206.

  • International resources

    Adams, J., & Roscigno, V. (2005). White Supremacists, Oppositional Culture and the World Wide Web. Social Forces, 84(2), 759-778.

    Adamczyk, A., Gruenewald, J., Chermak, S., & Freilich, J. (2014). The Relationship Between Hate Groups and Far-Right Ideological Violence. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 30(3), 310-332.

    Amster, S. E. (2009). From Birth of a Nation to Stormfront: A Century of Communicating Hate. In B. Perry & B. Levin (Eds.), Hate Crimes: Understanding and Defining Hate Crime (pp. 221-248). Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.

    Back, L. (2002). Aryans Reading Adorno: Cyber-Culture and Twenty-First Century Racism. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 25(4), 628-651.

    Back, L., Keith, M., & Solomos, J. (1996). Technology, Race and Neo‐Fascism in a Digital Age: The New Modalities of Racist Culture. Patterns of Prejudice, 30(2), 3-27.

    Black, D. (2004). Terrorism as Social Control. In M. Deflem (Ed.), Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Criminological Perspectives (pp. 9-18). Boston, MA: Elsevier.

    Blazak, R. (2001). White Boys to Terrorist Men: Target Recruitment of Nazi Skinheads. American Behavioral Scientist, 44(6), 982-100.

    Blazak, R. (2009). The Prison Hate Machine. Criminology & Public Policy, 8(3), 633 -640.

    Blee, K. (2002). Inside Organized Racism: Women in the Hate Movement. Oakland, CA: University of California Press.

    Bowman-Grieve, L. (2009). Exploring “Stormfront:” A Virtual Community of the Radical Right. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 32(11), 989-1007.

    Bowman-Grieve, L., & Conway, M. (2012). Exploring The Form and Function of Dissident Irish Republican Online Discourses. Media, War & Conflict, 5(1), 71-85.

    Bubolz, B., & Simi, P. (Forthcoming). Leaving the World of Hate: Life Course Transitions and Self-Change. American Behavioural Scientist.

    Burris, V., Smith, E., & Strahm, A. (2000). White Supremacist Networks on the Internet. Sociological Focus, 33(2), 215-235.

    Castells, M. (2001). The Internet Galaxy: Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

    Chermak, S., Freilich, J., & Suttmoeller, M. (2013). The Organizational Dynamics of Far-Right Hate Groups in the United States: Comparing Violent to Nonviolent Organizations. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 36, 193-218.

    Chau, M., & Xu, J. (2007). Mining Communities and Their Relationships in Blogs: A Study of Online Hate Groups. International Journal of Human Computer Studies, 65, 57-70.

    De Koster, W., & Houtman, D. (2008). ‘Stormfront is like a Second Home to me.’ Information, Communication & Society, 11(8), 1155-1176.

    Ezekiel, R., & Post, J. (1991). Worlds in Collision, Worlds in Collusion: The Uneasy Relationship Between the Policy Community and the Academic Community. In C. McCauley (Ed.), Terrorism Research and Public Policy (pp. 117-125). Portland, OR: Frank Cass.

    Fernback, J. (1997). The Individual Within the Collective: Virtual Ideology and the Realization of Collective Principles. In S. Jones (Ed.). Virtual Culture: Identity and Community in Cybersociety (pp. 36-54). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

    Frehlich, J., Chermak, S., & Belli. (2014). Introducing the United States Extremist Crime Database (ECDB). Terrorism and Political Violence, 26, 372–384.

    Hamm, M. (2007). Terrorism as Crime. New York, NY: New York University Press.

    Hamm, M. (1993). American Skinheads: The Criminology and Control of Hate Crime. Westport, CT: Praeger.

    Hamm, M. S. (2009). From the Klan to Skinheads: A Critical History of American Hate Groups. In B. Perry & B. Levin (Eds.), Hate Crimes: Understanding and Defining Hate Crime (pp. 95-108). Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.

    Hoffman, B. (2006). Inside Terrorism. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

    Jaggar, A. (2005). What is Terrorism, Why is it Wrong, an could it ever be Morally Permissible? Journal of Social Psychology, 36(2), 202-217.

    Jamin, J. (2013). Two Different Realities: Notes on Populism and the Extreme Right. In A. Mammone, E. Godin, and B. Jenkins (Eds.), Varieties of Right Wing Extremism in Europe (pp. 38-52). Abingdon, UK: Routledge Press.

    Jupskås, A. (2012). Norway. In Institute for Strategic Dialogue, Preventing and Countering Far-Right Extremism: European Cooperation, Country Reports (pp. 51-54). London, UK: Institute for Strategic Dialogue.

    Levin, B. (2002). Cyberspace: A Legal and Historical Analysis of Extremists’ use of Computer Networks in America. American Behavioral Scientist, 45(6), 958-988.

    Martin, G. (2008). Essentials of Terrorism. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

    Michael, G. (2006). RAHOWA! A History of the World Church of the Creator. Terrorism and Political Violence, 18(4), 561-583.

    Minkenberg, M. (2011). The Radical Right in Europe Today: Trends and Patterns in East and West. In N. Langenbacher and B. Schellenberg (Eds.), Is Europe on the “Right” Path? Right-Wing Extremism and Right-Wing Populism in Europe (pp. 37-56). Berlin, DE:Friedrich Ebert-Stiftung Forum.

    Oberschall, A. (2004). Explaining Terrorism: The Contribution of Collective Action Theory. Sociological Theory, 22(1), 26-37.

    Perliger, A. (2012). Challengers from the Sidelines: Understanding America’s Far Right. West Point, NY: Combating Terrorism Center.

    Perry, B. (1998). Defenders of the Faith: Hate Groups and Ideologies of Power. Patterns  of Prejudice, 32(3), 32-54.

    Perry, B. (2000). “Button-Down Terror:” The Metamorphosis of the Hate Movement. Sociological Focus, 33(2), 113-131.

    Perry, B. (2001). In the Name of Hate: Understanding Hate Crimes. New York, NY: Routledge Press.

    Perry, B. (2002). Hate Crime and Identity Politics. Theoretical Criminology, 6(4), 485 491.

    Perry, B. (2002). Defending the Color Line: Racially and Ethnically Motivated Hate Crime. American Behavioural Sciences, 38(2), 83-94.

    Perry, B. (2003). Hate Crime: A Reader. New York, NY: Routledge Press.

    Perry, B. (2009). Hate Crime: Issues and Perspectives, General Editor (5 Volume Set). Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers

    Perry, B., & Blazak, R. (2010). Places for Races: The White Supremacist Movement Imagines U.S. Geography. Journal of Hate Studies, 8(29), 29-51.

    Perry, B., & Olsson, P. (2009). Cyberhate: The Globalization of Hate. Information and Communications Technology Law, 18(2), 185-199.

    Rosenfeld, R. (2004). Terrorism and Criminology. In M. Deflem (Ed.), Terrorism andCounter-Terrorism: Criminological Perspectives (pp. 19-32). Boston, MA: Elsevier.

    Simi, P. (2010). Why Study White Supremacist Terror?: A Research Note. Deviant Behavior: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 31, 251-273.

    Simi, P. (2013). Cycles of Right-Wing Terror in the US. In S. von Mering & T. W. McCarty (Eds.), Right-Wing Radicalism Today: Perspectives from Europe and the US (pp. 144-160). New York, NY: Routledge Press.

    Simi, P., & Futrell, R. (2009). Negotiating White Power Activist Stigma. Social Problems, 56(1), 89-110.

    Simi, P., & Futrell, R. (2010). American Swastika: Inside the White Power Movement’s Hidden Spaces of Hate. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

    Simi, P., Bubolz, B., & Hardman, A. (2013). Military Experience, Identity Discrepancies, and Far Right Terrorism: An Exploratory Analysis. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 36(8), 654-671.

    U.S. Department of Homeland Security. (2009). Rightwing Extremism: Current Economic and Political Climate Fueling Resurgence in Radicalization and Recruitment. Retrieved from

    Webb, J., & Cutter, S. (2009). The Geography of U.S. Terrorist Incidents, 1970-2004. Terrorism and Political Violence, 21, 428-449.

    Weinberg, Leonard (1998). An Overview of Right-Wing Extremism in the Western World: A Study of Convergence, Linkage and Identity. In Jeffrey Kaplan and Tore Bjørgo (Eds.), Nation and Race (pp. 3-33). Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press.

    Welliver, D. (2004). Afterword: Finding and Fighting Hate Where It Lives: Reflections of a Pennsylvania Practitioner. In Colin Flint (Ed.), Spaces of Hate: Geographies of Discrimination and Intolerance in the U.S.A. (pp. 245-254). New York, NY: Routledge Press.

    Whine, M. (1999). Cyberspace – A New Medium for Communication, Command, and Control by Extremists. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 22, 231-245.

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