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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Cairo, Egypt

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 15,200,000
Population 16,506,701 19,109,760 20,495,461
Population growth rate 2001-11 24.16
 GDP (millions)  survey numbers too low 
 >GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)  33,501 World Bank 2008 
 *10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%) 
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)? Y
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)? Y
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2) 17,393.00
Urbanized area (km2) 1,573.40
Heating degree days 440.00
Cooling degree days 574.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 26.00
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2) 2,600.00
Building gross floor area (m2) - total 3,085,100 total
>total per capita 0.15 excludes informal settlements
>residential 2,036,166 estimate
>residential per capita 10.64 estimate; includes informal settlements
>commercial & institutional 586,169 estimate
>industrial 462,765 estimate
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary)
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 318.32 532.84 1,523.37
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 19,762.60 22,044.60 29,374.10 year 2004
Electrical line losses (GWh) 3,440.40 3,482.80
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 20,080.92 22,577.44 30,897.47
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 72,291.31 81,278.78 111,230.89
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 53.86
Natural gas (TJ) 62,329.30 216,581.00 232,860.00
Fuel oil (TJ) 4,409.90 5,214.30 1,142.20
Coal (TJ) 213.40 257.30 275.10
Biomass/biofuels (TJ) 13,926.30 15,277.80 16,686.80
Other
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 80,878.90 237,330.40 250,964.10
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ)
Energy (Mobile)
Gasoline (TJ) 5,129.58 5,853.42 7,451.70
Diesel (TJ) 7,955.90 9,551.00 11,921.30
Jet fuel (TJ) 81,509.45 98,096.72 96,625.27
Marine fuel (TJ)
Other
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 13,085.48 15,404.42 19,373.00
*10-year growth rate 48.05
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 166,255.70 334,013.60 381,568.00
*2011 total 381,568.00
*2006 total 334,013.60
**2001 total 166,255.70
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 129.51
Water
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 1,257,882.35 1,910,830.85 2,797,707.85
Line losses (ML) 171,550.00
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%) 6.1%
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 1,257,882.35 1,910,830.85 2,797,707.85
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 1,257,882.35 1,910,830.85 2,969,257.85
Production (ML) 2,472,875.00 2,755,750.00 3,202,875.00
Production - surface water (ML) 1,965,981.50 2,330,981.30 2,695,981.30
Production - ground water (ML) 105,397.40 109,114.60 141,893.80
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%) 122.41
Wastewater
Volume (ML) 438,000.00 2,664,500.00 3,066,000.00 yrs 2006 and 10 include industrial wastewater
Loading (kt BOD) na na na
Waste
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 3,776.93 4,662.88 6,535.37
Waste incineration (Kt) 2,111.24 2,872.00 3,025.32
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 5,888.16 7,534.87 9,560.68
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%) 62.37
Electricity sources
Coal (%) 0.06 0.04 0.03
Oil (%) 61.24 51.85 48.05
Natural gas (%) 33.69 43.65 49.4
Hydropower (%) 4.95 4.28 3.95
Nuclear (%) na na na
Off-site wind (%) 0.05 0.18 0.21
Off-site solar (%) na na 219 GWh divide by total elec. consmption
Other
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh)
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%) 42.3
commercial/institutional (%) 8
industrial (%) 31.4
transportation (%) 9.4
other 9.1 gov't, agric
Stationary energy consumption (2011)
residential (%)
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%)
other
Materials (2011)
Building materials
Cement
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt) 37,063.00
>consumption (Kt)
Steel
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt) 5,382.00 quantity also given for iron ore / phosphate
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Food
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt) 54,912,572.00 quantities given for 16 different food products
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)