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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Osaka, Japan

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 16,800,000
Population 17,000,046 17,089,000 Year 2000 Wikipedia; Yr 2010
Population growth rate 2001-11 0.52
GDP (millions) 
>GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)                                         506  World Bank 2008 
*10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%)  #DIV/0!
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)?
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)?
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2)
Urbanized area (km2)
Heating degree days 1,728.00
Cooling degree days 311.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 1,614.00 Osaka JMA station, WMO ID = 47772
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2)
Building gross floor area (m2) - total 947,410,000.00
>total per capita 55.44
>residential 691,040,000.00 yr 2008
>residential per capita 40.44
>commercial & institutional 215,230,000.00 commercial (yr 2003)
>industrial 41,140,000.00 public national and provincial (yr 2005)
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary) Year 2010
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 23.61
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 141,311.39
Electrical line losses (GWh) ??
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 141,335.00
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 508,806.00
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) #DIV/0!
Natural gas (TJ) 7,778.00
Fuel oil (TJ)
Coal (TJ) 47,529.00
Biomass/biofuels (TJ)
Other 27,726.00 LPG
99,150.00 coal products
246,341.00 Town gas
61,547.00 heat
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 0.00 0.00 490,071.00
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ)
Energy (Mobile) Year 2010
Gasoline (TJ) 199,544.00
Diesel (TJ) 97,915.00
Jet fuel (TJ)
Marine fuel (TJ)
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 0.00 0.00 297,459.00
*10-year growth rate #DIV/0!
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 0.00 0.00 1,296,336.00
*2011 total 1,296,336.00
*2006 total 0.00
**2001 total 0.00
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) #DIV/0!
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 2,513,773.97 scaled by population
Line losses (ML)
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%)
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 0.00 0.00 2,513,773.97
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 0.00 0.00 2,513,773.97
Production (ML)
Production - surface water (ML)
Production - ground water (ML)
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%)
Volume (ML)
Loading (kt BOD)
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 960.21 includes residue from incineration; see survey
Waste incineration (Kt) 5,853.80
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 0.00 0.00 6,814.01
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%)
Electricity sources
Coal (%)
Oil (%)
Natural gas (%)
Hydropower (%)
Nuclear (%)
Off-site wind (%)
Off-site solar (%)
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh)
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%)
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%)
transportation (%)
Stationary energy consumption (2011)
residential (%)
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%)
Materials (2011)
Building materials
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)