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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Manila, Philippines

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 19,600,000
Population 9,932,560 10,787,300 11,855,975 years 2000, 05, 10
Population growth rate 2001-11 19.36
 GDP (millions)  1,301,989 1,993,037 3,479,905  Philippine pesos 
 >GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)  65,099 90,183 139,755
 *10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%)  114.68
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)? Y
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)? Y
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2) 636.00
Urbanized area (km2) 636.00
Heating degree days 0.00
Cooling degree days 1,027.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 2,061.00
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2) 1,620.00
Building gross floor area (m2) - total
>total per capita 29.80 estimate based on floor space additions (2004-13)
>residential and pop. Increase (2001-11).
>residential per capita 16.80
>commercial & institutional
>industrial
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary)
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 36,184.00 41,241.00 49,762.00
Electrical line losses (GWh) 7,909.00 11,112.00 13,078.00
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 36,184.00 41,241.00 49,762.00
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 130,262.40 148,467.60 179,143.20
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 37.52
Natural gas (TJ) 0.00 2,182.00 3,251.00
Fuel oil (TJ) 88,632.00 69,730.00 42,366.00
Coal (TJ) 34,240.00 55,451.00 81,264.00
Biomass/biofuels (TJ) 259,232.00 221,528.00 212,179.00
Other
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 382,104.00 348,891.00 339,060.00
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ) 111,889.80
Energy (Mobile) scaled from national data (based on pop.)
Gasoline (TJ) 15,454.03 15,092.79 15,530.58
Diesel (TJ) 23,945.05 22,736.82 23,198.62
Jet fuel (TJ) 1,528.98 1,303.09 1,655.63
Marine fuel (TJ) 3,479.82 2,511.97 1,324.81
Other
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 39,399.09 37,829.62 38,729.20
*10-year growth rate -1.70
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 551,765.49 535,188.22 556,932.40
*2011 total 556,932.40
*2006 total 535,188.22
**2001 total 551,765.49
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 0.94
Water
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 558,750.00 594,010.00 819,920.00
Line losses (ML) 895,370.00 710,670.00 428,170.00
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%) 160.2% 119.6% 52.2%
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 558,750.00 594,010.00 819,920.00
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 1,454,120.00 1,304,680.00 1,248,090.00
Production (ML) 1,453,740.00 1,304,580.00 1,248,090.00
Production - surface water (ML) 1,426,110.00 1,289,810.00 1,248,090.00
Production - ground water (ML) 27,630.00 14,770.00 0.00
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%) 46.74
Wastewater
Volume (ML) 67,938.91
Loading (kt BOD) na na na
Waste
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 2,124.74 2,683.74
Waste incineration (Kt)
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 0.00 2,124.74 2,683.74
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%) #DIV/0!
Electricity sources
Coal (%) 40 27 37
Oil (%) 21 8 5
Natural gas (%) 2 29 30
Hydropower (%) 15 18 14
Nuclear (%) 0 0 0
Off-site wind (%) 0.09 0.13
Off-site solar (%) 0.003 0.002
Other 0.17 biomass
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh)
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%) 33.0
commercial/institutional (%) 32.0
industrial (%) 34.0
transportation (%) 0.2
other
Stationary energy consumption (2011)
residential (%) 24.0
commercial/institutional (%) 9.0
industrial (%) 23.0
other
Materials (2011)
Building materials
Cement
>net import (Kt) 30,000,000.00 national data
>production (Kt) 16,063,000,000 national data
>consumption (Kt) 15,625,000,000 national data
Steel
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Food
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)