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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Moscow, Russian Federation

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 13,600,000
Population 10,382,754 11,503,501 years 2002 & 2010
Population growth rate 2001-11 10.79
 GDP (millions)     246,348    377,606    664,420 PPP; years 2002 & 2010
 >GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)     246,348    377,606    664,420
 *10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%)  169.71
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)? Y
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)? N
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2) 1,080.00
Urbanized area (km2) 737.00 minus parks/greens
Heating degree days 4,562.00
Cooling degree days 50.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 698.00
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2) 1,020.70
Building gross floor area (m2) - total
>total per capita
>residential 216,000,000
>residential per capita 18.78
>commercial & institutional
>industrial
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary) years 2002, 05, 10
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 0.00 0.00 0.00
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 41,115.10 49,782.00 51,954.30
Electrical line losses (GWh) 6,509.40 4,835.50
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 41,115.10 49,782.00 51,954.30
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 148,014.36 179,215.20 187,035.48
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 26.36
Natural gas (TJ) no data from survey
Fuel oil (TJ) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Coal (TJ) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biomass/biofuels (TJ) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Other 1,236,352.96 IEA, scaled from national data
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 0.00 0.00 1,236,352.96
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ)
Energy (Mobile)
year 2010
Gasoline (TJ) 263,052.06
Diesel (TJ)
Jet fuel (TJ)
Marine fuel (TJ)
Other
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 0.00 0.00 263,052.06
*10-year growth rate
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 148,014.36 179,215.20 1,686,440.51
*2011 total 1,686,440.51
*2006 total 179,215.20
**2001 total 148,014.36
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 1,039.38
Water years 2002, 05, 10
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 2,777,000 2,634,000 1,496,000
Line losses (ML)
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%)
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 2,777,000 2,634,000 1,496,000
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 2,777,000 2,634,000 1,496,000
Production (ML)
Production - surface water (ML)
Production - ground water (ML)
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%) -46.13
Wastewater
Volume (ML)
Loading (kt BOD)
Waste
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 4003.2
Waste incineration (Kt) 598.20
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 0.00 0.00 4,601.40 assuming 400 kg/person/year, 13% incinerated
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%)
Electricity sources
Coal (%) 0 0 0
Oil (%) 0 0 0
Natural gas (%) 100 100 100
Hydropower (%)
Nuclear (%)
Off-site wind (%) 0 0 0
Off-site solar (%) 0 0 0
Other
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh)
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%)
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%)
transportation (%)
other
Stationary energy consumption (2011)
residential (%)
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%)
other
Materials (2011)
Building materials
Cement
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Steel
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Food year 2010
>net import (Kt) 7,278.40
>production (Kt) 0.00
>consumption (Kt) 7,278.40
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)