Skip to main content
COVID-19 information and screening Learn how we’re keeping our campus community safe, healthy and engaged during our gradual return to campus.
Note: The university’s mandatory vaccine directive is now in effect. Learn more about vaccine requirements.
Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Sao Paulo

Sao Paulo is prone to landslides, lightening and floods [1]. From 2005 to 2011, 35 casualties were reported in the City of Sao Paulo due to natural disasters and 37 people died annually due to the disasters between 2005 and 2011 in the State of Sao Paulo, leading to 0.09 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. This is less than the global annual average of 9,655 natural disaster-related deaths between the years 2002 and 2011, according to a joint study by Université Catholique de Louvain and the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2012 [2]. Figure 1 and Table 1 compares Sao Paulo with global averages on the physical science indicators.
Sao Paulo curve
Figure 1: Physical Science: Sao Paulo vs. Global Condition

Although Sao Paulo has relatively high service levels in areas such as mobility and connectivity, as well as basic services, which is demonstrated in Figure 2 and Table 2, the city has low youth opportunity and per capita economy.
Sao Paulo curve 2


Figure 2: Socio-economic: Sao Paulo vs. Global Condition

References

[1] Irineu de Brito Jr, Bruno César Kawasaki, Adriana Leiras, and Hugo Tsugunobu Yoshida Yoshizaki, 2011, "The Profile of the Population Affected by Natural Disasters in Brazil," eds., Chicago, pp. 025-1388.

[2] Debarati Guha-Sapir, Philippe Hoyois, and Regina Below, 2013, Annual Disaster Statistical Review 2012: The Numbers and Trends, Université catholique de Louvain-Wolrd Health Organization.