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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

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Although Dakar Metropolitan Area only covers 1% of Senegal’s land area, it is home to nearly 50% of the country’s urban population. Much of the city’s population reside in the ‘Pre-Urban’ part of the metropolitan which is vulnerable to natural disasters, in particular flooding and coastal erosion, which is exacerbated by weak local governance and rising sea levels [1].

On average, Dakar's population has grown 1% per year since 1988 and current predictions estimate the city reaching 9.2 million by 2050 [2]. The city suffers from high ambient air pollution, poor access to clean water for 3% of the population and nearly 25% of the population do not have access to solid waste collection. Figure 1 and Table 1 show the city’s status compared to the global average.

Dakar 1 

Figure 1: Physical science: Dakar vs. Global Condition

The socio-economic status of Dakar is demonstrated in Figures 2 and Table 2.

Dakar 2 

Figure 2: Socio-economic: Dakar vs. Global Condition


[1] Hyoung Gun Wang, Marisela Montoliu-Munoz, the Geoville Group, and Ndèye Fatou D. Gueye, 2009, Preparing to Manage Natural Hazards and Climate Change Risks in Dakar, Senegal, The World Bank, Washington.

[2] Daniel Hoornweg, and Kevin Pope, 2013, "Population Predictions of the 101 Largest Cities in the 21st Century," Global Cities Institute, Report # 04.

Please note this is a draft version. For development purposes only.