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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Mumbai, India

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 22,800,000
Population 11,978,000 12,200,000 12,478,447
Population growth rate 2001-11 4.18
 GDP (millions)  683,197 2,004,830 2,216,470 Indian rupee 
 >GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)  50,235 132,770 111,943
 *10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%)  122.84
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)? Y
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)? Y
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2) 603.40
Urbanized area (km2) na
Heating degree days 1.00
Cooling degree days 1,216.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 3,224.60
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2) ?
Building gross floor area (m2) - total na
>total per capita
>residential
>residential per capita
>commercial & institutional
>industrial
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary)
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 0.00 0.00 0.00
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 5,533.00 12,952.00 year 2007
Electrical line losses (GWh) 553.30 1,295.00 ranges from 2 to 26 %; assume 10 %
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 0.00 5,533.00 12,952.00
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 0.00 19,918.80 46,627.20
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) #DIV/0!
Natural gas (TJ) 685.08 4127.47 4515.43 compressed natural gas (TJ)
Fuel oil (TJ) see 'other' (below)
Coal (TJ) na na na see survey comments
Biomass/biofuels (TJ) see survey comments; also data for:
Other
1,737.34 834.68 59.96 diesel (TJ)
11,667.58 8,476.94 5,350.69 furnace oil (TJ)
376.31 75.60 70.59 lubes & greases (TJ)
14,231.73 17,357.52 18,849.16 LPG (bulk + packed) (TJ)
1,692.47 458.71 159.56 mineral oil (TJ)
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 30,390.51 31,330.91 29,005.39
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ) 28,773.35
Energy (Mobile)
Gasoline (TJ) 13,735.75 11,031.95 7,420.94
Diesel (TJ) 27,321.97 25,203.35 15,951.34
Jet fuel (TJ) 29,750.68 48,447.99 23,362.94
Marine fuel (TJ) 30,967.53 25,416.62 4,502.94
Other 685.08 4,127.40 4,515.43 compressed natural gas (TJ)
na na na electricity (TJ)
0.00 641.58 123.46 LPG (auto) (TJ)
10,199.67 8,228.42 3,405.06 kerosene (TJ)
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 51,942.48 49,232.69 31,416.23
*10-year growth rate -39.52
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 82,332.99 100,482.41 107,048.82
*2011 total 107,048.82
*2006 total 100,482.41
**2001 total 82,332.99
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 30.02
Water
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 1,642,853.00 1,725,195
Line losses (ML) 328,570.60 345,039
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%) 20.0% 20.0% Reddy (2013)
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 0.00 1,642,853.00 1,725,195
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 0.00 1,971,423.60 2,070,234
Production (ML) na 1,706,653.00 1,788,995
Production - surface water (ML) na 1,706,653.00 1,788,995
Production - ground water (ML) na
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%) #DIV/0!
Wastewater year 2007
Volume (ML) na 940,970.00 1,036,600
Loading (kt BOD) na na 41.30
Waste
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 3,580.00 3,750.00 5,490
Waste incineration (Kt) 0.00 0.00 0.00 facilities expected to operate soon
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 3,580.00 3,750.00 5,490
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%) 53.35
Electricity sources years 2002 and 2005; state-level data
Coal (%) 63.04 61.53
Oil (%)
Natural gas (%) 12.29 5.68
Hydropower (%) 2.87 11.25
Nuclear (%) 1.81 1.16
Off-site wind (%)
Off-site solar (%)
Other
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh) 0.87 0.79 years 2007 and 2013
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%) 49
commercial/institutional (%) 38 includes railway electricity (very low)
industrial (%) 13
transportation (%)
other
Stationary energy consumption (2011) energy source is LPG
residential (%) 98.5
commercial/institutional (%) 0.7
industrial (%) 0.9
other
Materials (2011) year 2013
Building materials
Cement
>net import (Kt) na
>production (Kt) 0.00
>consumption (Kt) 9,190.00
Steel
>net import (Kt) na
>production (Kt) 0.00
>consumption (Kt) 3,160.00
Other
>net import (Kt) na aluminum
>production (Kt) 0.00
>consumption (Kt) 70.00
>net import (Kt) na paints & ceramic tiles
>production (Kt) 0.00
>consumption (Kt) 290.00
Food
>net import (Kt) see below
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Other
>net import (Kt) na cereals
>production (Kt) na
>consumption (Kt) 1,836.16
net import (Kt) na pulses and pulse products
production (Kt) na
consumption (Kt) 200.04
net import (Kt) na vegetables
production (Kt) na
consumption (Kt) 1,778.22
net import (Kt) na fruits
production (Kt) na
consumption (Kt) 1,065.60
net import (Kt) na meat
production (Kt) na
consumption (Kt) 732.60
net import (Kt) na dairy
production (Kt) na
consumption (Kt) 1,385.28