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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Sao Paulo, Brazil

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 20,900,000
Population 17,882,322 19,189,471 19,822,559 years 2000 & 10
Population growth rate 2001-11 10.85
 GDP (millions)  158,500 266,200 414,600  USD; year 2010 
 >GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)  158,500 266,200 414,600
 *10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%)  161.58
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)? N
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)? Y
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2) 7,946.82
Urbanized area (km2) 1,957.48
Heating degree days 495.00
Cooling degree days 120.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 1,350.00
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2) 1,511.10
Building gross floor area (m2) - total
>total per capita
>residential na
>residential per capita
>commercial & institutional na
>industrial na
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary)
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 0.00 0.00 0.00
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 37,354.00 45,555.00 53,830.00
Electrical line losses (GWh) 3,735.00 4,556.00 5,382.98
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 37,354.00 45,555.00 53,830.00
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 134,474.40 163,998.00 193,788.00
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 44.11
Natural gas (TJ) 17,362.00 42,534.00 45,901.00
Fuel oil (TJ) 20,361.00 5,245.00 2,656.00
Coal (TJ) ~0 ~0 ~0
Biomass/biofuels (TJ) ~0 ~0 ~0
Other 47,443.00 45,360.00 67,615.00 other oil products
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 85,166.00 93,139.00 116,172.00
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ) 31,831.13
Energy (Mobile)
Gasoline (TJ) 95,961.00 89,300.00 108,785.00
Diesel (TJ) 73,422.00 75,222.00 76,100.00
Jet fuel (TJ) 55,123.00 67,694.00 94,589.00
Marine fuel (TJ)
Other 25,239.00 45,628.00 74,854.00 ethanol
2,898.00 11,227.00 5,883.00 natural gas
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 197,520.00 221,377.00 265,622.00
*10-year growth rate 34.48
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 417,160.40 478,514.00 575,582.00
*2011 total 575,582.00
*2006 total 478,514.00
**2001 total 417,160.40
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 37.98
Water
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 962,637.00 1,037,204.00 1,169,665.00
Line losses (ML) 740,748.00 852,589.00 835,333.00
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%) 76.9% 82.2% 71.4%
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 962,637.00 1,037,204.00 1,169,665.00
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 1,703,385.00 1,889,793.00 2,004,998.00
Production (ML) 1,703,385.00 1,889,793.00 2,004,999.00
Production - surface water (ML)
Production - ground water (ML)
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%) 21.51
Wastewater
Volume (ML) 770,109.00 829,763.00 935,732.00
Loading (kt BOD) 352.00 378.00 391.00
Waste
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 4,496.00 5,836.00
Waste incineration (Kt)
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 0.00 4,496.00 5,836.00
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%)
Electricity sources years 2002 & 10; data for Brazil
Coal (%) 4.3 1.6 1.4
Oil (%) 7.6 2.6 3.6
Natural gas (%) 7.6 4 6.8
Hydropower (%) 69.8 84.6 80.5
Nuclear (%) 10.2 3 2.7
Off-site wind (%) 0.1 0.1 0.4
Off-site solar (%) 0 0 0
Other 0.4 4.2 4.7 biomass
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh) 32.3 51.2
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%) 34.3
commercial/institutional (%) 25.8
industrial (%) 30
transportation (%) na
other
Stationary energy consumption (2011)
residential (%) 22.9
commercial/institutional (%) 4.5
industrial (%) 47.0
other
Materials (2011)
Building materials
Cement
>net import (Kt) 3,108.00
>production (Kt) 5,069.00
>consumption (Kt) 8,176.81
Steel
>net import (Kt) 1,039.00
>production (Kt) 3,243.00
>consumption (Kt) 4,281.67
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Food
>net import (Kt) 11,206.00
>production (Kt) 282.00
>consumption (Kt) 11,488.00
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)