Skip to main content
Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Toronto's boundaries

According to research conducted by Hoornweg and Pope for the Global Cities Institute, the Toronto area currently has five common boundary schemes including the City of Toronto (population of 2.62 million); the Census Metropolitan Area (5.71 million); the Greater Toronto Area (6.13 million); the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (6.65 million); and the Golden Horseshoe (9.09 million).

The figure below shows the five different boundary schemes for defining the large urban area of Toronto, with greenbelt and protected areas.

Map of Toronto's 5 boundary schemes

Map of Toronto's 5 boundary schemes (legend)


In the 2014 Toronto Vital Signs Report, the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) includes the city of Toronto and regions of Halton, Peel, York and Durham. The area is slightly larger than the Toronto Census Metropolitan Area (CMA). Both areas can be viewed on the map below.

GTA and CMA map from Toronto Vital Signs Report 2014