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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Guangzhou, China

PART 1:  Definition of Megacity 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Brinkhoff population (2010) 16,500,000
Population 9,967,500 9,966,600 12,751,400
Population growth rate 2001-11 27.93
GDP (millions)  284,165 608,186 1,242,344  Chinese yuan 
>GDP (PPP adjusted US dollars, millions)  86,111 173,767 295,796
*10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 (%)  243.51
Formal gov't for metro area (yes/no)? Y
> 1 coordinating bodies (yes/no)? Y
PART 2:  Biophysical Characteristics 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Land area (km2) 7,434.40
Urbanized area (km2)
Heating degree days 539.00
Cooling degree days 725.00
Annnual precipitation (mm) 1,632.30
Annual solar radiation (k Wh/m2) 1,305.56
Building gross floor area (m2) - total 148,290,100.00 285,851,900.00 369,667,000 total
>total per capita 14.88 28.68 28.99
>residential 87,135,500.00 170,996,900.00 210,070,100
>residential per capita 8.74 17.16 16.47
>commercial & institutional 61,154,600.00 114,855,000.00 159,596,900 non-residential
>industrial
PART 3:  Urban Metabolism 2001 2006 2011 Comments
Energy (Stationary)
Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable
Electricity consumption (GWh) - grid 25,827.32 44,000.48 63,120.34
Electrical line losses (GWh) 1,284.65 2,966.58 3,235.10
*Total electricity consumption (GWh) 25,827.32 44,000.48 63,120.34
*Total electricity consumption (TJ) 92,978.36 158,401.72 227,233.24
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 144.39
Natural gas (TJ) see Igor's data
Fuel oil (TJ) see Igor's data
Coal (TJ) see Igor's data
Biomass/biofuels (TJ) see Igor's data
Other 210,624.93 430,320.56 604,017.91 total non-electric sources (Tj)
*Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) (TJ) 210,624.93 430,320.56 604,017.91
*Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) (TJ)
Energy (Mobile)
Gasoline (TJ) 34,624.00 87,406.99 191,923.75
Diesel (TJ) 52,366.82 123,748.41 215,859.27
Jet fuel (TJ) 15,926.00 7,403.62 87,697.04 these data already counted in lines 58 and 59; see Shenzhen survey
Marine fuel (TJ)
Other 3,315.00 fuel oil
22,582.00 kerosene
*Total energy consumption (transportation) excl. marine/jet fuel (TJ) 96,961.82 203,751.78 320,085.98
*10-year growth rate 230.12
*Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) (TJ) 400,565.11 792,474.05 1,151,337.13
*2011 total 1,151,337.13
*2006 total 792,474.05
**2001 total 400,565.11
*10-year growth rate 2001-2011 (%) 187.43
Water
Consumption (ML) -- excluding line losses 8,300,000.00 8,020,000.00 7,302,000
Line losses (ML) 247,370.00 274,491
>Line losses as a percentage of consumption (%) 0.0% 3.1% 3.8%
*Total water consumption (ML) excluding line losses 8,300,000.00 8,020,000.00 7,302,000
*Total water consumption (ML) including line losses 8,300,000.00 8,267,370.00 7,576,491
Production (ML) 8,300,000.00 8,020,000.00 7,302,000
Production - surface water (ML) 8,240,000.00 7,985,000.00 7,244,000
Production - ground water (ML) 60,000.00 35,000.00 58,000
*10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 (%) -12.02
Wastewater
Volume (ML) 3,786,000.00 3,037,000.00 1,648,000
Loading (kt BOD) 567,900 462,000 220,200
Waste
Solid waste disposal - land (Kt) 2,440.00 2,550.00 3,207.60 land/incineration not specified
Waste incineration (Kt)
*Total solid waste disposal (kt) 2,440.00 2,550.00 3,207.60
*10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 (%) 31.46
Electricity sources
Coal (%) 74.81 90.64 99.93
Oil (%) 24.93 9.36 0.07
Natural gas (%)
Hydropower (%)
Nuclear (%)
Off-site wind (%)
Off-site solar (%)
Other 0.25 refinery gas
GHG emissions factor (t CO2e / GWh)
Electricity consumption (2011)
residential (%) 20.38
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%) 52.14
transportation (%)
other
Stationary energy consumption (2011)
residential (%) 7.1
commercial/institutional (%)
industrial (%) 46.3
other
Materials (2011)
Building materials
Cement
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt) 12,040.00 19,110.00 8,870.00
>consumption (Kt)
Steel
>net import (Kt) 1,384.46 2,105.40 1,465.23
>production (Kt) 2,400.70 6,231.00 6,846.90
>consumption (Kt) 3,590.30 7,047.11 7,347.21 import + prod - export (see Igors data)
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)
Food
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt) 4,918.48
>consumption (Kt) 4,207.05
Other
>net import (Kt)
>production (Kt)
>consumption (Kt)