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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services


With a population of 18.4 million (2010 data), Shanghai is China’s largest metropolitan area [1]. Shanghai is susceptible to flooding; greenhouse gas emissions and air quality are relatively higher than global averages (Figure 1 and Table 1); the levels of CO2-equivalent emissions and particulate matter (PM2.5) are reported as 11.7 tCO2e/cap/year and 81μg/m3, respectively; and the average domestic fresh water use in Shanghai Metropolitan Area is 411 L/cap/day, which is four times the global ‘Water Right-level’ proposed by the United Nations.


Figure 1: Physical Science: Shanghai vs. Global Condition

Shanghai is well-served by its public transportation system and, as shown in Figure 2 and Table 2, provide relatively high level socio-economic boundaries. Compared to Toronto, Shanghai’s higher Gini coefficient and lower per capita income are key economy indicators.

Figure 2: Socio-economic: Shanghai vs. Global Condition


[1] Christopher A. Kennedy, Nadine Ibrahim, Iain Stewart, Angelo Fachini, and Renata Mele, 2014, "An Urban Metabolism Survey Design for Megacities," Enel Foundation, Energy For Knowledge, Report # 2/2014.

Please note this is a draft version. For development purposes only.